Desemprego na zona do euro cai pela 1ª vez em dois anos

Reuters
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BRUXELAS, 31 Jul (Reuters) – O número de pessoas desempregadas na zona do euro caiu pela primeira vez em mais de dois anos em junho, no mais recente sinal de que a economia do bloco pode estar saindo da recessão, enquanto a inflação permaneceu inalterada em julho.

Na comparação com maio, 24 mil europeus a menos estavam sem emprego em junho no bloco monetário, informou a agência de estatísticas da UE Eurostat nesta quarta-feira, a primeira queda desde abril de 2011.

Embora seja pequeno demais para impactar o nível geral de desemprego na zona do euro, que ficou estável em um recorde de 12,1 por cento pelo quarto mês seguido, os dados revertem a alta aparentemente inexorável nos números de desemprego.

A inflação baixa também ajudou as famílias que lutam com o impacto de três anos e meio de crise de dívida na zona do euro. A inflação anual ficou inalterada em 1,6 por cento em julho, de acordo com a primeira estimativa da Eurostat para o mês, mesmo nível de junho.

Os gastos com alimentos, álcool e tabaco durante o verão europeu em julho foram os principais fatores por trás da alta nos preços, segundo a Eurostat.

(Reportagem de Robin Emmott)

 
 

Leia mais: http://extra.globo.com/noticias/mundo/desemprego-na-zona-do-euro-cai-pela-1-vez-em-dois-anos-9293341.html#ixzz2ach5cUdp

Brasil se levanta en protesta contra el aumento de los precios del transporte

Brasil se levanta en protesta contra el aumento de los precios del transporte

Las protestas llegan en un momento de crisis económica, con la inflación alta y la bolsa cayendo

 

Protesta en Sao Paulo, este martes, contra el precio del transporte. / S. M. (EFE)

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Brasil, poco acostumbrado a protestar en la calle, esta vez se ha levantado en las principales ciudades del país contra el aumento de los pasajes del transporte público. En São Paulo, este martes por la noche, por tercer día consecutivo, los manifestantes se enfrentaron contra la policía y quemaron dos autobuses.

En Río de Janeiro, donde han sido detenidas 32 personas, hubo otro enfrentamiento de la población con las fuerzas del orden. Para el jueves está anunciado un nuevo encuentro de protesta en Cinelandia, en el centro de la ciudad.

Las autoridades de las localidades donde crece la protesta han condenado las acciones violentas contra el patrimonio público. En São Paulo, uno de los puntos más candentes de la protesta, las manifestaciones encontraron al gobernador del estado y al alcalde de la ciudad en París, defendiendo la candidatura de la mayor ciudad de Brasil para organizar la Exposición Universal de 2020. Geraldo Alckmin y Fernando Haddad han sido duros con los manifestantes y con los actos de vandalismo.

Las manifestaciones han llegado en un momento de crisis de la economía con la inflación alta, la bolsa cayendo (ayer perdió un 3%) y el dólar rozando los 2,20 reales. La presidenta Dilma Rousseff, que llegó ayer de su viaje a Portugal, se ha mostrado preocupada por las manifestaciones, pero también por los problemas de la economía, que le han costado por primera vez una pérdida de ocho puntos en su, hasta ahora, alta popularidad. Anoche Rousseff convocó al Palacio de la Presidencia al ministro de Economía, Guido Mántega, y al de Justicia, José Eduardo Cardozo.

En la ciudad de Natal, los estudiantes, con sus manifestaciones, obligaron a las autoridades a rebajar las tarifas aumentadas de los transportes. Y en Florianopolis la paralización de los autobuses públicos fue del 100%. Cerca de medio millón de ciudadanos se quedó sin transporte colectivo.

Los precios de los transportes públicos en Brasil son muy altos en relación al sueldo base de los trabajadores, máxime cuando no existen abonos para los que los usan de forma regular. El billete sencillo en São Paulo, que permite un máximo de cuatro trayectos en tres horas (en la mayor ciudad de Sudamérica, con un tráfico proverbialmente infernal, muchos viajes tardan más que eso) cuesta 3,20 reales (1,12 euros). Para aquellos que tienen que hacer un viaje de ida y otro de vuelta seis días a la semana, el gasto en transporte puede superar los 200 reales al mes, cuando el salario mínimo es de 678 reales (238 euros).

Sin embargo, la clase media, poco acostumbrada en este país a las manifestaciones de protesta en las calles, está aplaudiendo a las autoridades, que han pedido mano dura a la policía contra las movilizaciones, que están paralizando el tráfico en ciudades ya de por si supercongestionadas.

Las manifestaciones están creando una alarma especial. Ni siquiera frente a los grandes escándalos de corrupción política la gente salió nunca a la calle. Una vez más, también aquí se hace realidad la famosa frase atribuida a Bill Clinton: “Es la economía, estúpido”.

Record unemployment, low inflation underline Europe’s pain

Record unemployment, low inflation underline Europe’s pain

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Job seekers line up as they wait for an interview during the 8th job forum dedicated to recruiting in Nice February 14, 2013. REUTERS/Eric Gaillard
 

By Robin Emmott and Martin Santa

BRUSSELS | Fri May 31, 2013 7:18am EDT

(Reuters) – Unemployment has reached a new high in the euro zone and inflation remains well below the European Central Bank’s target, underscoring just how severe a challenge EU leaders face to revive the bloc’s sickly economy.

Joblessness in the 17-nation currency area rose to 12.2 percent in April, statistics agency Eurostat said on Friday, marking a new record since the data series began in 1995.

With the euro zone also in its longest recession since its creation in 1999, consumer price inflation was far below the ECB’s target of just below 2 percent, coming in at 1.4 percent in May, slightly above April’s 1.2 percent rate.

That rise may quieten concerns about deflation, but the deepening unemployment crisis is a threat to the social fabric of the euro zone, with almost two-thirds of young Greeks unable to find work exemplifying southern Europe’s threat of creating a ‘lost generation’.

Economists and policy makers have expressed concern that the greatest threat to the unity of the euro zone is now social breakdown from the crisis, rather than market-driven factors.

In France, Europe’s second largest economy, the number of jobless rose to a record in April, while in Italy, the unemployment rate hit its highest level in at least 36 years, with 40 percent of young people out of work.

Some economists expect the ECB, which meets on June 6, to act to revive the economy and go beyond another interest rate cut to consider a U.S.-style money printing program known as quantitative easing.

“We do not expect a strong recovery in the euro zone,” said Nick Matthews, a senior economist at Nomura International in London. “It puts pressure on the ECB to deliver even more conventional and non conventional measures.”

In the past, the euro zone has needed economic growth of around 1.5 percent to create new jobs, according to Carsten Brzeski, an economist at ING. With the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development forecasting this week that the euro zone economy would contract by 0.6 percent this year, unemployment is set to worsen long before it turns around.

“We do not see a stabilization in unemployment before the middle of next year,” said Frederik Ducrozet, an economist at Economist at Credit Agricole in Paris. “The picture in France is still deteriorating.”

5.6 MILLION YOUNG JOBLESS

ECB President Mario Draghi, whose bold decision-making helped protect the euro zone from break-up last year with a plan to buy the bonds of governments in trouble, has so far preferred to leave the onus on euro zone governments to reform.

A majority of economists polled by Reuters do not expect the ECB to cut its deposit or main refinancing rates in the coming months, although the OECD this week called for the bank to consider quantitative easing.

The Commission, the EU’s executive, told governments this week they must focus on reforms to outdated labor and pension systems to regain Europe’s lost business dynamism, a move to shift focus away from debilitating budget cuts towards growth.

EU leaders meeting at the end of June in Brussels are expected to put the problem of joblessness at the forefront of their summit.

European Council President Herman Van Rompuy, who chairs the meetings, said last week youth unemployment was one of the most pressing issues for the 27-nation European Union as a whole.

Ministers from France, Italy and Germany, meeting in Paris this week, called on their counterparts to help tackle youth unemployment, with German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble describing it as a “battle for Europe’s unity”.

In April, 5.6 million people under 25 were unemployed in the European Union, with 3.6 million of those in the euro zone.

Even if governments take on unions and vested interests to enact reforms, they will take time to produce benefits.

The impact of the euro zone’s debt and banking crises has been sapping confidence fromcompanies and households.

Private consumption saved Germany from slipping into recession in the first three months of this year, but retail sales still fell unexpectedly in April because of the cold European winter.

Meanwhile, French consumer spending dropped again in February, falling by 0.2 percent after contracting in January. French household purchasing power contracted in 2012 for the first time since 1984.

(Reporting by Robin Emmott and Martin Santa; editing by Luke Baker and Jeremy Gaunt)